2/11/20

Ohio Enacts New Limitation on Tax Base for Financial Institutions Tax

Attorneys & Professionals

By: David A. Froling
(Published in the Winter 2020 issue of The Bankers' Statement)

On July 26, 2019, Am. H.B. 166 was enacted into law.  That law enacted changes to Ohio Revised Code 5726.04.  More specifically, the tax base of the Ohio Financial Institutions Tax (FIT) for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2020 has been changed.  The first estimated tax payment affected by the change is due January 31, 2020.  Taxpayers subject to the FIT should be mindful of the change as they calculate their estimated tax payments for tax year 2020 and forward. 

The new law caps a financial institution’s total equity capital to 14% of the financial institution’s total assets.  FIT liability is determined by applying the applicable tax rate to a financial institution’s total equity capital.  Under prior law, total equity capital was simply a financial institution’s total equity capital apportioned by a gross receipts factor.  For tax year 2020 going forward, total equity capital is a financial institution’s total equity capital subject to a limit of 14% of that financial institution’s total assets for the taxable year, which is then apportioned by a gross receipts factor.    The significance of this change is that if 14% of the financial institution’s total assets are less than the financial institution’s total equity capital for that tax year, the financial institution will not have to apportion the amount of its total equity capital that exceeds 14% of its total assets.  In other words, the apportionable tax base will be subject to a maximum of 14% of total assets.  That calculated tax base will then be subject to single factor apportionment. 

The Ohio Department of Taxation describes the total assets calculation in a recent information release1 as follows:

For purposes of the tax base limitation, “total assets” are the financial institution’s total consolidated assets reported as of the end of the taxable year, as follows, subject to audit and adjustment by the tax commissioner:

If you have questions regarding these changes to the FIT tax base, or other questions regarding that tax.  Contact David Froling at 614 464 3022.

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1  https://www.tax.ohio.gov/Portals/0/FIT/web%20page%20related/FIT%202020-01%20-%20Limitation%20on%20Tax%20Base.pdf